Stress incontinence is associated with excessive stress on your urinary bladder which causes a little amount of urine to leak through the bladder and pass to the urinary tract without your control over it. It is about the physical stress on your bladder and the word ‘stress’ here has nothing to do with psychological stress. It is common when a person sneezes, coughs or lift heavy weights as all these put pressure on the abdomen and thus on the bladder.
Stress incontinence is more dominant in women than in men, especially if the woman is an aged one or has been pregnant and given birth to children. It has been observed that people with this problem become introverted and prefer not to socialize or go out often since stress incontinence causes embarrassment. But with proper physiotherapy treatment for stress incontinence in Gurgaon can control and go back to normal life after some time.
The urinary stress incontinence happens due to the weakening of the muscles and the tissues which supports the urinary bladder or the pelvic floor muscles. The urinary sphincter weakens which controls the urine release and thus due to pressure on your abdomen, the urine leaks.
Stress incontinence happens due to sneezing or coughing because of this weakening of the muscles which are alike the valves that carry the urine and the small tubes which carry the urine out of the body. These tubes are closely fitted to the bladder and when the bladder exaggerates with urine in it, these muscles in the urethra cannot control its leakage when sudden pressure falls on it. In normal condition, these muscles only release the urine when you reach the bathroom but when they weaken they cannot control the activity.
There are two other causes of the problem which are gender specific –
The main symptoms of this problem are leaking of urine while coughing, laughing, sneezing, copulating, even while getting out of a car or standing up after a long time. While exercising, incontinence can be common, especially when doing certain exercises, which puts pressure on your abdomen.
The problem can take a toll on the patient’s social life as they feel embarrassed due to this problem and slowly cut off from the social arena.
The stress incontinence can be diagnosed with checking the medical history of the patient along with a physical examination of the abdomen and genitals. Abnormalities in urine like blood or other substance can be traced with pathological tests. The doctor will do certain neurological tests to understand issues connected to pelvic nerves. Finally, the doctor can recommend a urine stress test where loss of urine will be monitored when you sneeze or a cough or after having a beer.
There are many physiotherapy treatments available for treating this condition but the most important one is Pelvic floor muscles exercises and Pelvic floor Muscle Stimulation therapy. It is also known as Kegel exercises which are done to improve the strength of the pelvic muscles. A physiotherapist can help you in learning this exercise and with time, you will be able to control the problem. Along with this exercise, medications can be added if the condition is severe. In extreme cases, surgery might have to be conducted.