PAL Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy for Cerebral Palsy in Gurgaon


Introduction

The dictionary meaning of ‘Cerebral’ is something associated with the brain. Whereas, ‘Palsy’ refers to some kind of weakness or problems with body movement.

Cerebral palsy refers to a group of disorders generally affecting the muscle movement and coordination of the patient. It is a disorder of movement, muscle tone or posture and is mainly caused by damage occurred to the immature, developing brain, most often before birth. It is one of the most common causes of motor disabilities in childhood. For better improvement you need to take Cerebral Palsy Physiotherapy in Gurgaon from PAL Physiotherapy.

Patients with Cerebral Palsy often find problems swallowing stuff. They generally have eye muscle imbalance. Further, they are more likely to have a significantly reduced range of motion at various joints of their bodies. This is due to muscle stiffness. The effects of Cerebral Palsy vary from patient to patient and are not fixed or rigid. While some patients can walk, some others cannot. Some patients also display intellectual disabilities while some have a certain degree of intellectual capacity. Epilepsy, blindness or deafness have also been spotted in some patients. Cerebral Palsy, in some cases, also affects the vision, hearing, and sensation of the patient.

Causes

The exact cause of Cerebral Palsy is still under debate. However, according to certain schools of thought, it is said to be caused by an abnormality or disruption in the development of the brain, most probably before a child is born. PAL Physiotherapy provides
Physiotherapy for Children in Gurgaon under best physiotherapist.

 Some other causes of the condition are -

  • Mutations in genes leading to abnormal development of the brain
  • Maternal infections affecting the developing fetus
  • Fetal stroke (Disrupted supply of blood to the developing brain)
  • Infant infections causing inflammation in or around the brain
  • Traumatic head injury to the infant due to an accident
  • Difficult labor or delivery leading to a lack of Oxygen to the brain

Symptoms

There is no fixed set of signs or symptoms of Cerebral Palsy. They vary greatly from patient to patient depending on the severity of the condition. A majority of the children are born with the disorder. They do not display any symptoms of the disorder for months or years later. Symptoms usually appear as the child attains the age of three or four.

Some of the most common symptoms of the disorder are -

  • Variations in the tone of the muscles
  • Lack of coordination of muscles
  • Tremors
  • Involuntary movements
  • Slow movements
  • Difficulty or delays in pushing up on arms and sitting up alone
  • Favoring one side of the body
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Excessive drooling
  • Problems with swallowing
  • Difficulty in eating
  • Delays in speech development
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • A difficulty with precise motions
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal touch
  • Abnormal perception of pain
  • Oral diseases
  • Psychiatric conditions
  • Urinary incontinence

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy generally begins with the doctor analyzing the complete medical history of the patient followed by the patient appearing for a physical examination. Some questions may also be asked in the process. The physical examination generally includes a detailed neurological examination. Some other tests such as an electroencephalogram (EEG), MRI scan, CT scan and cranial ultrasound are also conducted.

In some cases, a blood test may be performed to eliminate other possible conditions, such as bleeding disorders.

In case the doctor confirms the presence of Cerebral Palsy, the patient may be referred to a specialist who can perform the further tests for neurological problems. These neurological problems are often associated with the disorder. These tests detect deafness, speech delays, and movement disorders.

Treatment

Specialized physiotherapy programs have been designed to encourage the patient to build a strength base for a better gait and an improved volitional movement. This along with stretching programs limits contractures. Physiotherapy has emerged as one of the best treatment for Cerebral Palsy in Gurgaon and is considered the first step of treatment. The parents of the affected child must meet a qualified physiotherapist to carefully analyze the symptoms and develop a treatment plan. Physical therapy helps a lot to relieve pain and muscle stiffness. It also improves the overall mobility and prevents future health problems like tightened muscles.

Although there is no cure for the disorder, physiotherapy can help alleviate the symptoms to a great extent. Physiotherapists can effectively teach the parents of the affected child to position and handle the activities of day-to-day life. These physiotherapy sessions for muscle tone, bone structure and preventing joint dislocation can be life-long in some rare cases.  Generally, the treatment depends entirely on the needs of the individual and the severity of the case.

Some of the most common physiotherapeutic approaches towards treatment are -

  • Neurodevelopmental Treatment (NDT)
  • Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT)
  • Passive Stretching
  • Static Weight Bearing Exercises
  • Muscle Strengthening Exercises
  • Functional Exercises
  • Body Weight Supported Treadmill Training
  • Electrical Stimulation
  • Hippotherapy

Apart from that, speech therapy sessions help the affected child control the muscles of the mouth and the jaw. It helps the patient improve communication. Cerebral Palsy affects the way a person moves their arms, legs, mouth, face, and head. It is often difficult for the person to breathe, talk properly and eat. As your child starts school, it is recommended to get them enrolled in a quality speech therapy programme continuing throughout the school years.


South City I, Gurgaon

  • Plot-5P , Basement, Sector- 41
  • Near Shaktipeeth Mandir, Gurgaon
  • Helpline: +91 9811 3434 17
Treatment We Cover

Sector-56, Gurgaon

  • 560 -P, Basement
  • Near Alpine public School, Sector 56
  • Helpline: +91 9811 3434 17
Work with us

Connect with us

Career