The plantar fascia is the thick stretch of tissues connecting the heel bone to the toes of your feet. Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of these tissues near the heel bone and thus you feel the pain in your heel. It is one of the common forms of heel pain which people often suffer from and there are various causes of the same. To reduce the pain of Plantar Fasciitis take an effective and proper treatment for Plantar Fasciitis in Gurgaon from PAL Physiotherapy.
You might feel like someone is stabbing your heel with a knife if you have this problem, especially in the morning and thus getting up from the bed becomes an issue with the patients of plantar fasciitis. This problem is common in athletes who have to run/jog every day.
Causes of Plantar fasciitis
The causes of plantar fasciitis can be many among which there are few that are most probable –
- If you are in certain kind of sports which involves running or exercising for long hours like long races, dancing, high jump etc. the chances of having this problem increases.
- If you don’t follow the right posture while walking or exercising, then you increase the chances of this problem.
- Being obese can act as a catalyst in forming this issue as people with an excess body mass puts more pressure on their feet and thus the tissues are damaged often.
- If you are in a profession where most of the time you have to stand on your feet then you have the chances of getting this problem. Even where you have to continue walking around damages the tissues.
- Pregnancy can also be a cause of having plantar fasciitis as you gain weight during the pregnancy phase. It is common during the later trimesters.
- If you have some structural problem in your feet especially if you have tight Achilles tendons, then it might result in plantar fasciitis. It is because of the reason that it is the tendon attaching heels to the calf muscles. A very tight tendon will put pressure on the tissues causing this problem.
- If you are not wearing a proper shoe according to your feet, then you are at the risk of having this problem.
Symptoms of Plantar fasciitis
The main symptoms of plantar fasciitis are as follows-
- If you are climbing the stairs, your leg muscles and tissues get stretch which causes an extreme pain if you have plantar fasciitis.
- If you are exercising the pain continuously increases and remains even after you have stopped the process. It goes with time but a dull pain always remains.
- If you are resting for a long time or sleeping at night, and when you get up again and start to walk, you might feel sharp pain.
- If you are using your feet for a long period of time like for walking a mile, running, standing etc. the pain increase and worsen to be more exact. It is due to the inflammation of the tissues for prolonged pressure on them.
The risk of having plantar fasciitis increases with certain kind of exercises which involves your heel, foot and leg as a whole for a longer duration. Age can be an important factor in having this problem, especially people within the age group of 40-60 are often found to have this issue.
The medical practitioner will examine certain things to understand whether you have plantar fasciitis or not when you complain about heel pain. The things that they would check are your reflexes, whether you can feel the sensation on your feet or not, the tone of the muscles, whether there is proper coordination or not in your and balance of course. The lab tests which you might have to do are MRI and X-ray to find out the exact reason for your heel pain.
Physiotherapy Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is common and can be healed with proper measures being taken. The doctor might prescribe some OTC medicines for getting rid of the pain but it can only be truly cured with physical therapies, exercises and other measures.
PAL Physiotherapy provides the best Plantar Fasciitis treatment in Gurgaon with top physiotherapists.
- Night splints: Your doctor might prescribe you to wear a splint overnight. This would help in stretching the arch of your foot along with the calf muscles and lighten the position of the plantar fascia as well as the Achilles tendon and make them relaxed.
- Physiotherapy: It is one of the best ways to cure the problem of the root. The Electrotherapy Treatment includes: Ultrasound therapy, TENS therapy, High Intensity Class 4 Laser Therapy, Long Wave Diathermy, Dry Needling Therapy, Plantar fascia Taping Therapy. There are various exercises which will help in stretching and relaxing the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia which will, in turn, give more strength to the lower part of your leg and its muscles. It helps in keeping the ankle and heel at a stable condition which helps in reducing the damage of the plantar tissues. Some of the stretches which are helpful –
- Towel stretch
- Toe stretch
- Calf and plantar stretch.
- For strengthening you can do towel curls and marble pickups.
How can this condition be prevented?
There is no certain way to prevent this problem but you can reduce the chances by taking rest after long exhaustion on your legs, by keeping body weight in control and using the right fitted shoes.