Neuropathy, commonly known as nerve damage, is a term used for some general diseases or malfunctioning of the nerves in the human body. Nerves at any location in the human body can undergo damage of any kind due to certain injuries or other diseases. ‘Neuropathy’ in a general sense means a disease of the nervous system and without any modifier refers to ‘Peripheral Neuropathy’. Hire best Neurologist for Peripheral Neuropathy Treatment in Gurgaon from PAL Physiotherapy. Neuropathy is often a result of a wide range of medical conditions such as diabetes or specific treatments like chemotherapy.
In fact, neuropathy cannot be called a single health condition. It is a wider term used to describe a large range of health problems involving damage to the peripheral nerves, as well as the symptoms of those issues. Although, there is no well-defined way to reverse this group of conditions back to normal and the condition is often termed irreversible, you may follow certain steps, procedures and lifestyle techniques to help prevent neuropathy or manage it through diet, and treatment.
Neuropathy can be of several types, two of which - ‘Peripheral Neuropathy’ and ‘Diabetic Neuropathy’ have been discussed below -
Peripheral Neuropathy is a disease of the nerves. The disease is known to cause damage to sensation, movement, functioning of glands and other organs of the body. It may also leave a deep impact on other aspects of general human health, depending on the type of nerve affected by the disease. Common causes of peripheral neuropathy include systemic diseases like diabetes or leprosy, hyperglycemia-induced glycation, deficiency of vitamins, prolonged course of medication, traumatic injury, excessive intake of alcohol, immune system disease, or certain viral infections. The disease may be genetic in some patients while idiopathic in some others.
Diabetic neuropathy is a disorder of the nerves associated with diabetes mellitus. It is a quite common and serious complication associated with diabetes. A high level of blood sugar can cause some serious injuries to nerves located anywhere inside the human body. Nerves in your legs and feet are the most vulnerable and easy targets for the disorder. Consultant experienced physiotherapist for Best Diabetic Neuropathy treatment in Gurgaon.
Symptoms of the disorder are not fixed or well-defined and depend on the nerve affected. They can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to some serious problems with your digestive system, blood vessels and heart. Also, the intensity of the symptoms vary from patient to patient. While some display mild symptoms, diabetic neuropathy can be quite painful and disabling for certain patients.
The common causes of the disease are -
Neuropathy brings along hindrance of normal nerve functions. Symptoms of the disorder vary from patient to patient depending on the types of nerve fiber affected.
However, some of the most common symptoms are -
In a majority of the cases, the diagnosis of the peripheral neuropathy starts with the patient reporting common symptoms like numbness, tingling, or pain in feet. Further diagnosis may be done on the basis of analysis of symptoms, laboratory tests and some additional testing. Along with that the clinical history of the patient is thoroughly examined.
Patients with diabetes, complaining of symptoms of neuropathy, are more likely to be diagnosed for diabetic neuropathy. Pain in a leg or foot is also an indicator of the same. Doctors usually diagnose diabetic neuropathy by performing a physical exam and carefully studying the symptoms of the victim along with a review of the medical history of the patient. Overall muscle strength of the patient, tendon reflexes and sensitivity to touch and vibration are also examined during diagnosis.
The kind of treatment a patient of peripheral neuropathy is subjected to varies based on the cause of the disorder. The best approach towards the treatment is through physiotherapeutic techniques and procedures. Although diabetic neuropathy does not have any fixed known cure, the treatment mainly focuses on alleviating the symptoms and making it less problematic for the patient. The main focus is on keeping the blood sugar levels under control.
Therapeutic methods such as TENS have been found quite useful in the treatment of Peripheral Neuropathy in Gurgaon. Along with that, very low level laser therapy has been found to be effective in patients with neuropathic pain.
Neurostimulation techniques like TMS, CES, SCS and DBS have also been found helpful in the treatment of neuropathic pain. One of the lesser-known facts here is that deep heating agents like ultrasound and short wave diathermy are not recommended much in the treatment of neuropathic pain by physiotherapy.Exercising for half an hour a day - three or four days a week will help you with effective management of chronic pain by increasing muscle strength and endurance.